PDF Cockatoo dwarf cichlid : Care and Breeding

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  1. Cockatoo dwarf cichlid : Care and Breeding
  2. Apistogramma the Dwarf Cichlid
  3. Categories
  4. Apistogramma the Dwarf Cichlid - Aquarium Co-Op

They can be kept with other fish that are not large and aggressive. They are also tolerant of their own kind.

Cockatoo dwarf cichlid : Care and Breeding

They can be kept alone, in pairs, or in harems of one male with 5 - 6 females. More than one male may be kept if the aquarium is large. South American cichlids tend to be less aggressive than their African cousins, but space is very important. Sex: Sexual differences Males are larger with the first several rays of the dorsal fin being extended and having an overall bright coloring. The females are yellow with dark markings when breeding and caring for their brood. Harems of multiple females will each defend a small territory from all except a dominant male.

Apistogramma the Dwarf Cichlid

They are cave breeders and generally spawn up to 80 eggs. The eggs are deposited on the ceiling a cave, where they attach and are cared for by the female while the male guards the territory. Once free swimming, the school of fry is lead about by the female. The fry will also often change mothers. To breed in the aquarium they appreciate upturned flowerpots, fake "coconut caves", bogwood, and broad leafed plants for cover and as spawning sites.

They do need to have a pH under 7.

How To Breed Cockatoo Cichlids. Apistogrammas. Part 1

Ideal water conditions are a pH of 6. Basically the more acidic and soft, the more prolific they are. Get 6 juveniles and let them grow up together. Spinal problems have arisen since there has been so much interbreeding for color. That being said, be sure their spines and physical health is optimal. From the 6 juveniles at least one pair, if not a harem, will form. You may or may not decide to remove the others, depending on your tank size. Condition them with live foods. The female will approach the male, curve her body, and display to catch his attention.

When he sees her, he will then "dance" by flashing his fins.

The female will lay up to 80 oval red eggs on the surface of her cave. The male will fertilize them and promptly leave the cave to patrol on the outside, leaving the female to care for them. In a harem situation, the male will visit the "cave" of each female and breed with her. She will have an area that she guards within the male's territory. When several females are brooding, they will actually kidnap each others fry to add to their school!

The eggs will hatch in 3 to 4 days, depending on water temperature. The fry will be swimming freely a few days after hatching. The conditions must also be kept constant for the first 3 weeks to be effective.

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The fry grow fairly quick and they can be fed rotifers and in a week or two then fed nauplii 3 times a day. They can also be fed live freshly hatched baby brine shrimp 3 times a day. Sexing is pretty easy since males have longer fins and are larger than the females. The female can become quite nasty after the fry are hatched. Some aquarists will removed the "cave" with the female inside by using bowl large enough to keep the water, the eggs, and the female in while preventing them them from hitting the air.

Once in a 10 gallon bare tank, you may or may not choose to remove the female as well. If in a species specific tank, you may leave the female and babies in the tank and watch the interesting behavior of fry herding that the mother does. The female may actually allow the male to help her guard the fry for the next month, but this all depends on your tank stock and the personality of your Cockatoo Cichlids. See more about cichlid breeding in: Breeding Freshwater Fish: Cichlids. Fish Diseases The Cockatoo Cichlids are susceptible to typical fish ailments, especially if water is stale and of poor quality and oxygenation.

Be aware of the following diseases that are found in the Amazon per fishbase. One common problem is Ich. As with most fish the Crested Dwarf Cichlids are prone to skin flukes and other parasitic infestations protozoa, worms, etc. It is recommended to read up on the common tank diseases. Knowing the signs and catching and treating them early makes a huge difference.

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Apistogramma the Dwarf Cichlid - Aquarium Co-Op

For information about freshwater fish diseases and illnesses, see Aquarium Fish Diseases and Treatments. Many diseases are very preventable with proper tank maintenance and taking caution on introducing anything to the tank. A good practice is to quaranteen new tankmates if possible and to disinfect any decor that is going into the tank. Availability The Cockatoo Cichlids are readily available online and can range in price from moderate to moderately expensive.

They are a rare find in fish stores, but can usually be special ordered if you are willing to wait. Make sure you examine them for spinal defects before purchasing. Baensch, Aquarium Atlas Vol. H Publications, Inc.


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